Diabetes by the numbers

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood glucose. Your body's cells need glucose for energy. It's also your brain's main source of fuel. Out-of-control glucose can lead to hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, or diabetic ketoacidosis. Longer term, excess glucose can damage the vessels that supply blood to important organs. As a result, heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and nerve problems can impact people with diabetes.

 

Who has diabetes?

  • 26 million children and adults in the United States
  • 19 million are diagnosed. 7 million are undiagnosed
  • 80 million people have pre-diabetes
  • About 2 million people aged 20 years and older are newly diagnosed with diabetes annually
  • 12% of people aged 20 and older have diabetes
  • 27% of people aged 65 and older have diabetes

 

 

 

What are the consequences of diabetes?

  • In 2007, diabetes was listed as the underlying cause on 71,382 death certificates 
  • In 2007, diabetes was listed as a contributing factor on an additional 160,022 death certificates.
  • In 2004, heart disease was noted on 68% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years and older
  • In 2004, stroke was noted on 16% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older
  • Adults with diabetes are 2-4X more likely to have a stroke and 2-4X more likley to die of heart disease than those who don't have diabetes
  • In 2005-2008, 67% of adults with diabetes had high blood pressure (>=140/90 mmHg) or used prescription medications for hypertension
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20-74 years
  • About 25% of people with diabetes over age 40 have diabetic retinopathy
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure and accounts for about 45% of new cases
  • Every year, about 50,000 people with diabetes begin treatment for End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
  • About 200,000 people with ESRD due to diabetes live on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant
  • Around two thirds of people with diabetes have some form of nervous system damage
  • About 65,000 lower limb amputations are performed on people with diabetes each year
  • Over 60% of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations are due to diabetes

 

What is the cost of diabetes?

  • In 2012, the total cost of diagnosed diabetes in the United States was $245,000,000,000
    • $176,000,000,000 for direct medical costs
    • $69,000,000,000 for reduced productivity

 

sources: www.diabetes.org, www.cdc.gov